THE VOICE OF ONTARIO'S FRUIT, VEGETABLE
AND GREENHOUSE PRODUCERS FOROVER 150 YEARS

Standing policy: Crop Protection

The OFVGA believes the industry must have access to crop protection materials that are competitively priced and are being used in countries that compete directly with domestic producers.

The OFVGA agrees that products harmful to the environment and to the public at large should not be registered, or be used on products in Canada, or on products imported into Canada.

The OFVGA believes that it is in the best interests of the industry, society, and the environment to have well-educated and trained producers working with pesticide application.

  • AAFC National Subscription For Pesticide Residue Limit Data (2017-19)

    AAFC NATIONAL SUBSCRIPTION FOR PESTICIDE RESIDUE LIMIT DATA (2017-19)

    WHEREAS growers and exporters need up to date information on pesticide residue limits in all potential market places; and

    WHEREAS AAFC cancelled their national subscription to such a service in 2014 under the impression that a free service available then would suffice; and

    WHEREAS the free service was eliminated leaving no available source of such residue limit data for growers and exporters to access; and

    WHEREAS such a service can be purchased by AAFC for a very reasonable cost and made available across Canada;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that CHC petition AAFC Market Access Secretariat to purchase and provide this service on an annual basis.

  • AAFC Nematologist Position (00-17)

    WHEREAS the Nematologist research position at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) has remained vacant for an extended length of time creating a major service gap for Ontario horticulture producers;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA strongly lobby AAFC to have this position filled immediately. 

  • CFIA Establish More Stringent Import Protocols for Produce Entering Canada (LR2010-05)

    WHEREAS destructive invasive pests are increasingly entering Canada; and

    WHEREAS such pests pose a significant risk to crop production;

    WHEREAS the occurrence of such pests in Canada, or interception of such pests on produce exported from Canada, pose a significant risk to market access; and

    WHEREAS the loss of production or market access would devastate the sector; and

    WHEREAS the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) uses science-based PRAs as the basis for establishing import and pest management protocols; and

    WHEREAS the CFIA has responsibility for protecting Canada from such pests, and the CBSA the responsibility for inspecting products entering Canada;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the CFIA be directed to establish more stringent import protocols for produce entering Canada in order to prevent the entry of invasive pests and fully disclose the science behind such decisions as well as its definition of the various levels of risk; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the CBSA be directed to increase inspections on imported produce based on the CFIA’s protocols.

  • Compensation For Invasive Species Quarantines (08-04)

    WHEREAS Minister Strahl was working with the produce industry on the establishment of a compensation framework; and

    WHEREAS the establishment of a compensation framework under the Plant Protection Act to balance asset losses when quarantine actions are taken by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), similar to that for the livestock industry, is required to facilitate timely reporting of quarantineable pests to the CFIA in order to limit the spread of pests and improve the feasibility of eradicative measures;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA work with the Ontario Greenhouse Vegetable Growers (OGVG) and the Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC) to lobby Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) to ensure a compensation plan for quarantine actions is established immediately.

  • Crop Protection Products (2017-02)

    CROP PROTECTION PRODUCTS (2017-02)

    WHEREAS Canada continues to reevaluate crop protection products; and

    WHEREAS Health Canada and the PMRA have a mandate to continue the use of crop protection products until a replacement product exists;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA and CHC lobby Health Canada to continue their commitment to not deregister crop protection products when there is no replacement product that the horticultural industry considers effective. 

  • Cyclamen Mite (2016-05)

    CYCLAMEN MITE (2016-05)

    WHEREAS strawberry growers in Ontario and across Canada are dealing with increased pressure from cyclamen mite, and

    WHEREAS the primary control product endosulfan is no longer manufactured and will no longer be allowed for use by strawberry growers after 2016, and

    WHEREAS there is only one remaining active ingredient that is marginally effective

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA and CHC demand that the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Pest management Regulatory Agency search to register additional products to manage this damaging pest

  • Harmonization of Availability of Crop Protection Materials with the USA (01-21)

    WHEREAS Canadian producers continue to be disadvantaged by limited access to crop protection materials compared to their counterparts in the USA; and

    WHEREAS many newer technologies are much more Integrated Pest Management-friendly; and

    WHEREAS IPM and marketing are becoming much more tied together; and

    WHEREAS progress has been made with the joint registration process between Canada and the USA in speeding up access to materials for Canadian producers;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the joint registration process be expanded to include more products; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the joint registration process be fast-tracked to maintain competitive advantage for Canadian growers.

  • Impact Of Crop Protection Registration Cancellations (2018-10)

    IMPACT OF CROP PROTECTION REGISTRATION CANCELLATIONS (2018-10)

    WHEREAS  Health Canada’s PMRA has proposed to, or cancelled numerous crop protection products across all edible horticultural commodities; and

    WHEREAS  each commodity group has been responding to these cancellations as one-offs as they are received; and

    WHEREAS  it’s the cumulative effect of the current re-evaluation proposals that causes grower confusion as to what can be used; a severe limit on what effective products are left and a potential for a significant increase in the use of what is left that is effective;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA and CHC request that Health Canada/PMRA put ALL of their re-evaluations on hold until they convene a stakeholders meeting to plan a path forward for Crop Protection that will ensure the future sustainability of horticultural production across Canada.

  • Importing of Produce With Non-Registered Chemicals (01-09)

    WHEREAS the Canadian Government has either refused or has been very slow in approving the registration of much needed chemicals for use on Canadian horticultural crops; 

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Canadian government stop the importation of fruits and vegetables into this country that are sprayed with chemicals that are not registered for use in Canada.

  • IPM Systems Specialist Position (2016-13)

    IPM SYSTEMS SPECIALIST POSITION (2016-13)

    WHEREAS, apple farmers in Ontario have been using integrated pest management (IPM) proactively for over 30 years and have received excellent support from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs during this time;

    WHEREAS, apple farmers have moved from board spectrum pesticides to targeted, reduced risk pesticides and biological control agents using IPM programs which adapts to the changing pest dynamics in the orchard;

    WHEREAS, the introduction of new pests, such as Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) into Ontario, has the potential to decimate a well-established IPM program in apples and many other horticultural crops;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that OFVGA lobby OMAFRA for the immediate continuation and staffing of the IPM Systems Specialist position to assist all horticultural farmers to ensure a strong IPM program for farmers, consumers and our environment.

  • Maintain IPM OMAFRA Extension Position (LR2015-07)

    WHEREAS the Ontario government has announced a reduction in the use of neonicotinoids on grains and oilseed crops in response to bee mortality and health concerns; and

    WHEREAS Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) and the Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change (MOECC) are working on implementing an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategy for grains and oilseed farmers; and

    WHEREAS Ontario horticultural crops have been proactively using IPM strategies and programs for 30+ years; and

    WHEREAS IPM programs are an essential component of producing high quality, environmentally sustainable locally grown fruits and vegetables in Ontario’s climate; and

    WHEREAS IPM programs require continuous updating and life-long education on the part of farmers due to the ever-changing pest complex; and

    WHEREAS pest complexes are increasing and field research is necessary to discover the best control practices using the least amount of crop protection materials; and

    WHEREAS IPM programs are proven to reduce the use of crop protection materials in fruit and vegetables by using controls only when pest thresholds have been reached; and

    WHEREAS there is only one OMAFRA horticultural extension position east of Yonge Street despite the large fruit and vegetable industry located in Durham region, Prince Edward County, and the Ottawa area;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OMAFRA horticultural IPM systems specialist position be maintained upon the retirement of the current holder of that position; and

    AND FURTHER BE IT RESOLVED that this position be located east of Toronto.

  • Minor Use Pesticide Registration (2018-11)

    MINOR USE PESTICIDE REGISTRATION (2018-11)  

    WHEREAS Minor Use pesticide registrations are being lost from and with already registered products as an outcome of the PMRA re-evaluation process at a faster rate than new registrations are occurring; and

    WHEREAS the existing Minor Use Program at AAFC is already at full capacity for budget, staff and priority Minor Use registration activities; and

    WHEREAS  the data needed to support and defend the existing registered Minor Use of registered products during re-evaluation are just as much or more important as for the existing program; and

    WHEREAS  the types of data needed may fall outside the existing purview of the AAFC Minor Use Program;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED  that AAFC be approached with CHC to fund another segment of Minor Use Registration activity with a separate program dedicated to development of the data demanded by PMRA to defend and maintain the minor uses of registered pesticides under re-evaluation; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that sufficient budget and personnel is allocated to this program very quickly so it can be immediately effective.

  • Moratorium on Re-evaluations by Health Canada (2018-13)

    MORATORIUM ON RE-EVALUATIONS BY HEALTH CANADA (2018-13)

    WHEREAS PMRA have set many ambitious targets to get ‘final’ decisions out on several key pesticides including: Captan, chlorothalonil, iprodione, ferbam, mancozeb, thiram, phosmet, lambda-cyhalothrin, and many more; and

    WHEREAS PMRA have not adequately consulted growers on the possible impacts on crop production, crop protection alternatives, international trade implications or impacts on Canadian IPM programs; and

    WHEREAS many unresolved issues remain such as labelling of the use of gloves to mitigate exposure, their use of non-Canadian and non-modern data to determine actual worker exposures for their calculations; and

    WHEREAS PMRA have not sufficiently consulted with and collaborated with their professional colleagues at the US EPA on several key matters arising from their re-evaluations and their proposed decisions;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that Health Canada be approached to put a moratorium on the final decisions on these re-evaluations for at least 12 months in order to gain sufficient time to fulfill the data needs to make a Canada-valid decisions, and for adequate grower consultations on the potential impacts and development of mitigation strategies for these decisions on these active ingredients.

  • National Clean Plant Policy (LR2015-03)

    WHEREAS it is critical for growers of perennial fruit crops to start their plantings with clean disease free planting stock that is true to type; and

    WHEREAS the United States has instituted a National Clean Plant Network (NCPN) to provide their nurseries with clean planting stock; and

    WHEREAS Canadian nursery growers could be subject to rules developed by the US National Clean Plant Network that could limit their ability to ship plants to the United States; 

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA request that the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) support such a national initiative; and

    AND BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that OFVGA and Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC) demand that the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) enact a program similar to the NCPN in the U.S.

  • National Clean Plant Program (LR2014-03)

    WHEREAS it is critical for growers of perennial fruit and vegetable crops to start their plantings with clean disease free planting stock that is true to type; and

    WHEREAS the United States has instituted a National Clean Plant Network (NCPN) to provide their nurseries with clean planting stock; and

    WHEREAS Canadian nursery growers could be subject to rules developed by the US National Clean Plant Network that could limit their ability to ship plants to the United States;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that OFVGA request that the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) and MRA support such a national initiative in Canada; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that OFVGA and Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC) demand that the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) enact a program similar to the NCPN in the United States and/or participate in (or join) the existing NCPN.

  • On-Farm Tours For PMRA Staff (2017-17)

    ON-FARM TOURS FOR PMRA STAFF (2017-17)       

    WHEREAS the PMRA evaluation staff need first-hand experience of horticultural production practice; and

    WHEREAS on-farm tours have proven to be valuable to impart such knowledge; and

    WHEREAS such tours conducted in the past have been dropped for financial reasons and staff time away from their day jobs; and

    WHEREAS staff development is considered a high priority item in Health Canada;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that OFVGA offer such on-farm experience to PMRA staff on an annual basis working in partnership with OMAFRA, Crop Life, CHC and other interested partners, and contribute a share of the funding to make it happen.

  • Pest Management Regulatory Agency Resourcing and Role as an Agency (2018-12)

    PEST MANAGEMENT REGULATORY AGENCY RESOURCING AND ROLE AS AN AGENCY (2018-12)

    WHEREAS PMRA is woefully behind schedule in re-evaluations; and

    WHEREAS the upcoming re-evaluations for ‘round two’ exceeds 600 active ingredients; and

    WHEREAS they have not even started the ones originally scheduled for 2017; and

    WHEREAS PMRA has been under severe pressure to meet artificial timelines on re-evaluations from the Auditor General’s department; and

    WHEREAS PMRA is actually just a branch of Health Canada, and NOT an actual ‘Agency’ as their name implies; and

    WHEREAS they are not a ‘fit’ within the mandate, operation, priorities or budget allocation of Health Canada notwithstanding that Health has the biggest budget in cabinet, and that PMRA has seen no priority for their budget woes as a result; and

    WHEREAS PMRA will need many more staff and considerable additional budget to do the tasks that Canadians and our growers expect, and to get these tasks done correctly and on time;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that Treasury Board of Canada be made aware of the PMRA financial and staffing issues so they can ensure that Health Canada provides the necessary funding for PMRA to do their job in the immediate and near futures; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that Health Canada be requested to bestow upon PMRA their actual role as an Agency of Canada as set out many years ago, rather than as simply a branch of Health Canada.

  • Pesticide Label Consistency (2018-07)

    PESTICIDE LABEL CONSISTENCY (2018-07)

    WHEREAS  labels on pesticide containers are not consistent in format or color (white label with black text); and

    WHEREAS  the pesticide label is a legal document; and

    WHEREAS  farmers are diligent and read labels and are very careful when mixing crop protection materials but could always use assistance as a safety precaution;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED  that OFVGA work with CropLife Canada to develop and implement consistent format and a colour-coded label (or coloured cap) system/standard for the industry to assist farmers with crop protection application.

  • Pesticide Pricing (LR2009-15)

    WHEREAS the GROU program is intended to allow Canadian Import of United States pesticides when the pricing differential warrants; and

    WHEREAS the number of data points and numbers of products monitored has been very low; and

    WHEREAS Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) had agreed to increase the scope and number of products so monitored for 2008 but failed to do so;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that OFVGA and the Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC) request AAFC to live up to their agreement by expanding the surveys in Ontario and Saskatchewan and to increase the number of products surveyed from 31 to 100, including more horticultural products.

     

  • Pre-Harvest Intervals (LR2015-04)

    WHEREAS berry growers in Ontario and across North America are now dealing with the invasive insect pest Spotted Wing Drosophila; and

    WHEREAS growers are now having to control this pest during harvest to save their crops; and

    WHEREAS growers in the United States have shorter pre-harvest intervals for the same active ingredients;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that OFVGA and Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC) demand that the Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) put in place equivalent pre-harvest intervals to our American competitors.

  • Publication 360 (2014-02)

    WHEREAS Publication 360 is a significant production guide for commercial producers of fruit in Ontario; and

    WHEREAS the printed form of publication 360 is very compatible with present grower needs;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OAMFRA) continue to revise and produce this guide in a hardcopy, printed format for growers to use.

  • Real Time Record Keeping For PMRA (2017-18)

    REAL TIME RECORD KEEPING FOR PMRA (2017-18)

    WHEREAS PMRA has expressed concerns about the ability of farmers to ensure post application farm workers get adequate training and warnings about pesticide hazards; and

    WHEREAS they have proposed elimination of many uses of pesticides like Captan, Bravo, Mancozeb, Thiram, Ferbam and others; and

    WHEREAS other uses for these pesticides come with such long re-entry periods as to be useless in our production systems; and

    WHEREAS it is important to not only provide such training and instruction about pesticides to farm workers; and

    WHEREAS the documentation of such records needs to be kept on a real time basis and be available for auditing; and

    WHEREAS any such record keeping system must satisfy PMRA needs before they agree to put label warnings about post application protective gear for workers;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that OFVGA work with external partners such as the CanadaGap On-Farm Food Safety Program and others to develop suitable real time record keeping systems that can meet the needs of PMRA for protection of post application workers, and thereby allow workable re-entry timeframes after pesticide application.

  • Resistance Management and IPM Integration of New Tools Given Top Priority (2010-02)

    WHEREAS there has been recent success in getting new crop protection registrations of new actives and new uses for older products; and

    WHEREAS these new products tend to be focused modes of action which are prone to resistance development in the pest populations; and

    WHEREAS these new registrations need much better timing and use direction to be both effective and that will ‘fit’ into existing pest management programs; and

    WHEREAS research support to both growers and extension staff in the areas of resistance detection, characterization and management has been severely curtailed at the federal level; and

    WHEREAS the research into IPM program development including the integration of new tools into these programs has also been severely limited;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that both OFVGA and Canadian Horticultural Council (CHC) lobby Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) to give top priority to the need for both resistance management and IPM integration of new tools for Insects, Diseases and Weeds in their deliberations of where to place some of the 25 new positions as announced.

  • Seed Certification (00-06)

    WHEREAS there is no verification program by Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) inspectors that see potatoes certified in the field are those put in any bag or container and sold to the purchaser of such potatoes, and

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA request that CFIA develop a complete inspection and verification system for all field certified lots of such potatoes or that certification papers be removed from all containers of see potatoes. 

  • SevinXLR (LR2010-03)

    WHEREAS consumers want large, consistent fruit, and whereas chemical thinners are very important in the production of high quality fruit; and

    WHEREAS SevinXLR gives Ontario growers the most consistent thinning results from year to year;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA urge the government to retain the registration of SevinXLR for use of thinning in apples.

  • Soil Fumigants (LR2011-08)

    WHEREAS soil fumigants are an integral part of strawberry fruit and plant production in Ontario, and for most other fruit, all ginseng, and many vegetable crops; and

    WHEREAS the PMRA is reviewing the registrations of all soil fumigants for Canada; and

    WHEREAS the loss of soil fumigants for Canada would give our American competitors in all the above crops a huge competitive edge over Canadians since American producers have access to all fumigants registered in Canada plus Methyl Bromide for some uses.

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA/CHC lobby the appropriate ministries, departments, companies to ensure that current uses for the product in the fruit and vegetable industry be maintained until suitable replacements are registered.

  • Spotted Wing Drosophila (2016-04)

    SPOTTED WING DROSOPHILA (2016-04)

    WHEREAS berry growers in Ontario and across Canada are now challenged with the management of the invasive insect pest Spotted Wing Drosophila, and

    WHEREAS growers are now having to control this pest both prior and during harvest to save their crops, and

    WHEREAS growers have limited options for control of this pest

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the OFVGA and CHC demand that the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and the Pest management Regulatory Agency continue to provide research to manage this pest with both chemical and non-chemical methods.

  • Sustainability and Reduced Risk Pest Management Program in Ontario (2009-01)

    WHEREAS there has been a dramatic reduction in research, educational and extension resources available to promote and implement sustainable pest management systems in horticultural crops since the late 1990’s; and 

    WHEREAS this has resulted in individual growers and commodity groups in many parts of the province not having access to qualified and experienced field consultants and/or integrated pest management scouting programs; and

    WHEREAS there are on-going significant reductions in person years in research (in both government and university) dedicated to the development of sustainable pest management strategies and programs; and

    WHEREAS there are gaps in the information needed to integrate reduced risk products, economic thresholds, pest resistance surveys and detection, and strategies to use new technologies (e.g. mating disruption) in managing insect, disease and weed pests of agricultural crops; and

    WHEREAS there is a reduced focus on providing university-based courses and programs on crop production with sustainable pest management systems, thereby restricting career choices of students interested in working in the fields of sustainable agriculture or organic production and reducing the number of pest management specialists operating in this province; and

    WHEREAS there is an urgent need to re-evaluate the various aspects of sustainable and reduced risk pest management systems in Ontario for horticultural crops (including implementation and delivery of integrated pest management programs, research, training, marketing, and R & D funding), and develop a comprehensive and doable strategy for promotion and adoption of such in Ontario’s horticulture sector; and

    WHEREAS consumers are becoming more informed and desirous of environmentally friendly pest management production systems;

    THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA) take the lead in developing a strategic plan for the future of sustainable and reduced risk pest management programs in Ontario; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that OMAFRA consult with grower association representatives, crop protection industry representatives, independent consultants, researchers and OMAFRA field staff specialists to review the current state of sustainable pest management systems, identify the gaps, and develop a strategic plan in the context of enhancing the horticulture industry’s environmental performance and economic viability; and

    BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED resolved that this process begin in the early months of 2009.